It’s past the middle of the month. That means that I am very late in presenting the final numbers on December 2018.
Was December even a month? It certainly didn’t feel like it. December always seems to fly by because the last 10 days are a wash with Christmas and New Years. This year we went on our annual vacation to Aruba on the 15th, coming back on the 22nd. On the 26th we started a fairly major home renovation. So as far as productive “work” went, it was literally half a month. Subtract out the time to pack for the trip, shop for Christmas, wrap, and get everything else done for the holidays (we hosted a small Christmas at our house), it was closer to 10 working days.
I can’t tell if I’m complaining about it or not, so I don’t know what you must think. I suppose I’m complaining about the rush of everything. However, what’s not to like about a week in Aruba and seeing the joy of your 5 and 6 year old open up their presents. This year, we probably try to do the vacation another time.
I’ll be randomly adding other personal family events throughout. This way you can choose what’s more boring: these financial numbers or some random guy’s family events. It’s not going to easy.
Regular readers probably know that I use 90% of the previous article to make this one. Someday, I hope to separate the most of the explanations to a FAQ and then just give you the new details.
Let’s get started:
Alternative Income Update: December 2018
For those that don’t know the term, “alternative income”, I started using it around 12 years ago to be purposely vague. I needed something to cover the small amount of blogging income I was making, while I growing my peer-to-peer lending portfolio as an income stream. (The P2P worked for a bit, but I’ve soured on it over the last few years.) Blogging income can be very erratic, but there’s a residual nature to it as well. Some popular bloggers are still struggling to categorize the nature of the income. I think alternative income was more passive back in 2007 before social media, podcasting, and video. Today it seems like every blogger talks of hustling (as in moving quickly, not grifting people) and by that they mean “being everywhere.” I feel like the only one dumb enough to just keep writing blog posts… blog posts that often don’t have cool “pinnable” images.
The last few months, I have sprinkled in images from the past month. I’ve seen other bloggers do it and readers tend to like it. My only rule here is that I’ll only show pictures of food if the presentation is amazing, such as an actual size Leaning Tower of Pisa made of grapes and toothpicks. (I will never understand why people take pictures of their food.)
In general, I call alternative income everything that comes from passive investment and these side hustles. The best way to think of it is income where you aren’t directly trading your time for money. This report is about all my alternative income. To include my investments into that paradigm, I have to fudge the numbers a bit. You’ll see what I mean as we go along… or you can see a more detailed explanation back in January, 2017.
The last month I reported, November 2018, my alternative income added up to $6,786.37. That was more than usual with a lot of dog sitting clients over Thanksgiving (and sweet holiday rates).
In any case, November is ancient history now, so let’s move on to more recent history… December.
Lazy Man’s Alternative Income – December 2018
In looking at our alternative income, I break it down to 3 main sources… each with their own caveats.
1. Blogging + Dog Sitting Income
My “real world” friends have asked me, “What do you do?” I’m not a fan of the question… because it’s simply rude. I feel it’s used to size up or pigeonhole someone. My responses of “software engineer” has received very differently reactions than “dog sitter.” Nonetheless, some response is required. I rotate among all the things that I do. What are those things?
This was a sunset in Aruba. I was completely unprepared but was able to run onto the beach with my phone and catch it at the last second.
I suppose the best answer is that I’m a stay-at-home dad. The kids go to school for about 8 hours a day during the week. My “non-Dad stuff” is 40 hours a week. That gives me time to do some basic family errands (shopping, cooking, dishes, laundry, walking my own dog, etc.) and dog sitting and blogging fills in the gaps. Over the last several months, I’ve taken two extra paying side gigs. I’m a blog editor for one company and I’m a customer support representative for a different company. That might seem like a demotion from my software engineering days, but the hours are flexible and the pay is good. With these two jobs, it’s certainly easier to convince people that I work.
If you want a very short list of what I’m doing check out my “Now” page.
At blogging conventions a popular question is “Are you a full-time blogger?” I say yes, but then explain that I spend very few hours blogging. I don’t think most people grasp the concept of not having a full-time job, but still having a full slate of activity. Even before the new contract jobs, I was doing much, much more than I ever did at a full-time job. I think everyone assumes that Boss Lazy Man will tell Employee Lazy Man to take the day off from the blog to do non-blogging stuff. That’s not really how it works. People with standard jobs have a lot of insulation where they can say, “See, my boss says that I’m not available.”
Time to move off that soapbox.
I don’t publicly break out the difference between blogging income vs. dog sitting income. One impacts the other. When I have a lot of dogs, I don’t have as much time or the focus to blog. When I’m blogging a lot, it’s usually because I don’t have too many dogs to sit. And both are impacted by how much time I spend on the contract side gigs.
You may be asking right now, “Isn’t alternative income about NOT trading time for money?” Isn’t dog sitting and blogging TRADING time for money? That’s a solid point. However, I don’t do it directly. Let me explain:
Sitting dogs itself isn’t a time-intensive job… at least with the number of dogs I typically have. However, there is considerably more overhead than you might think between booking dogs and meeting dogs for suitability. The important differentiation with dog sitting is that I can “double-dip” and earn money from another side hustle, such as blogging, at the same time. It’s very different than being an Uber driver. The police tend to frown on blogging and driving.
If you are interested in dog sitting, I wrote a very detailed article on the subject: Pros and Cons of Dog Sitting on Rover.
The Pokemon stuffed animals were shocked by the presents on Christmas. Vulpix unfairly got a present from one of my son’s. I fear the other Pokemon are plotting a Vulpixicide.
Blogging is usually much more time-intensive than sitting dogs. (The summer months are the exception). However, it isn’t directly trading time for money either. If I write an article for the blog today (such as this one!), I don’t necessarily get any significant money for it. The money I make from blogging now is a direct result of having built a reputation and a collection of nearly 2500 articles over 13 years of blogging.
December was the worst month for dog-sitting of the entire year. It was terrible. Between vacation, the holidays, and the home renovation, I wasn’t available to do much dog sitting. It’s a bit of a shame, because it could have been a very good month as other people travel and leave their dogs behind.
Blogging income was almost exactly the average. It’s doesn’t get any more boring than that.
While on the topic of blogging, I’d like to add that it isn’t all about the money. I highly recommend personal finance blogging. I wouldn’t aim for creating the greatest blog in the world. Instead, I’d think of it as a way to keep yourself accountable. That’s worked for me. Here’s how to get started blogging with any type blog you might be interested in.
In November, these two categories combined for a total of $3,626.37 an above average number. But for December it was…
Total Blogging + Dog Sitting Income: $2,368.44
That’s the lowest of the year. I thought I’d be more disappointed in the low number, but I think most people would be very happy with nearly $2500 month from what is essentially their 3rd priority (after family flexibility and the contract side gigs).
2. Rental Property Income
Here is where I need to fudge the numbers. Sorry, but it’s necessary.
We have three rental properties in our real estate accidental “empire”. (“Empire” is in quotes for a reason – it is a joke.) They are all on 15-year fixed mortgages. This means that we don’t make money on them now, but we are paying down those mortgages more quickly than most people. In 9 years, we should be able to collect an estimated income of $40,000 a year (in today’s dollars, after expenses) on them.
This is the water slide where we spent most of our time in Aruba. The kids are hiding in a little cave area in this picture.
So here’s why I have to fudge the numbers. For the purposes of this report, it doesn’t make sense to count the properties as zero income. I don’t want this report to push me towards a bad decision. It might make me sell them and invest the money differently just to make the numbers look better. For example, if someone offered you a million dollars in 10 years or $10 per year right now, you’d wait for the million (I hope). However, for this report, the $10 per year would give you better numbers.
It’s an extreme example, but it shows how sometimes the short-term plan is the enemy of the long-term plan.
Here’s how I’ve decided to fudge the numbers.
I add up all the properties equity and values. Zillow is very accurate for these condos – it has a lot of data points to work with. Next I calculate an equity-to-value ratio. In short, this is the percentage of the property value that we own vs. the bank. Then I calculate the rents of all the properties as if they were owned free and clear. Thus we can say that we are “banking” (in a completely fudgey sense) a percentage of the rent that we would expect to have in the future (rents are typically in line with inflation in the simplest sense).
If you are confused (and you probably are), this article on calculating cash flow of cash flowless real estate explains it in more detail.
Here are the numbers for December. We have 53.07% of the equity in our properties with an estimated combined rent of $3,325. The rent number is after insurance, property taxes, and condo fees. That’s so we can estimate what we’d really be taking home after expenses.
I brought Chad Carson’s Real Estate Book with me. I need to review it sometime soon before I forget all the comments I had… and there were a lot!
If you multiply $3,325 by 53.07% you get $1,765 in “fudged” monthly alternative income. When I started tracking this (beginning of 2017), we only owned 36.4% of the properties and they had lower rents. The math worked out to $1,174 back then. So in 23 months, we’ve seen the number grow $591/mo. That’s like giving ourselves an annual $7,092 raise until the end of time.
As the years march on, the ratio will grow to 100% of the $3,325 monthly inflation-resistant rent. That’s what gets us to that annual $40,000 I mentioned above.
In the previous report, the rental property income was $1,743. This number usually moves slowly, so we’ll take the $22 increase. This number only changes if one of two things happen: 1) The properties go up in value. 2) We charge more for rent. I don’t control the housing market. Tenants are typically locked in for at least a year. The monthly paying down of the mortgages creates some equity each month. That’s where we saw the gains in December as the values of the properties stayed mostly the same.
Slow and steady wins the real estate race. In previous reports, I hoped that by the end of this year, we’d be looking at having 50% of the equity with $3,325 in rent or $1662.50 a month in fudged alternative income. As the properties have appreciated, we passed that mark earlier than I expected.
Total Rental Property Income: $1,765
3. Dividend Income
Like the rental property “income”, I’m going to play a game with the numbers. You can decide if the game is fair. I always appreciate comments!
We don’t focus on putting our money in dividend stocks, but I’m going to imagine that we do for sake of this exercise. In reality we a vast majority in index funds, but I do some stock picking with a small percentage of our portfolio. Though the index funds do pay dividends, it’s not their core goal. I’m also fudging the numbers in another way. The money I’m referring to here is in our retirement accounts, so it isn’t something that we would tap as “income.”
Even though all this money is in retirement accounts, we could pull the money out and use it. We’d get tax penalties so we won’t do that. However, like the mortgages on the rental property, there’s real value here that I feel should be accounted for. My goal here is to capture the nearly 20 years of mostly maxing out retirement contributions.
Just like the rental income, we can pretend what the portfolio would earn if we moved all the money into dividend stocks or indexes. For the sake of pretending, I estimated that we could earn 2.50% in dividends. Most people estimate a 4% safe withdrawal rate, but withdrawal is not our plan here. We are only thinking about the cash that these investments could yield to pay for our living expenses.
We are still opening and playing with some presents (especially the robots that require a little more time to learn.) However, Osmo seems to be by far the best toy. I plan to write a review at some point.
December was another poor month for our portfolios. The stock market went down quite a bit. We were saved a bit by the fact that I calculate the numbers around the 5th of the month when all the rent is (hopefully) collected and mortgages are paid off . Our holdings are down from where we started at the beginning of the year. I think most people are probably in the same boat. The end result is:
Total Dividend Income: $1,372
Last month, it was $1417, so we lost $45 of theoretical monthly money from theoretical dividends. In the last three months we’ve lost $150/mo. That’s a lot, but it’s still just a drop in the bucket compared to what the stock market has given us over the last 9 years. It’s already bounced back a bit over the last 10 days since I captured these numbers.
Very Close to Passive Income
Most people consider rental property income fairly passive income. It’s not, because you have to deal with tenants. However, when things are going well, there might only be “work” every couple of months. For sake of argument, I think we can agree it is “more” passive than writing blog posts and sitting dogs. I spend a lot more time on the later than the former.
Of course dividend income is completely passive, so I don’t need to argue much there.
This “very close to passive income” category is a combination of “rental property income” with “dividend income.” (Yes, that’s a lot of quotes.)
At the start of the year, the dividend income was slightly ahead ($48) of the rental property income. It’s like the stocks vs. real estate debate, but for our personal finances. Now the difference is $393 in favor of the “real property income.” Real estate has decisively won the battle in 2018.
Jake loved his Christmas duck. He would have liked the real thing a little more, but he can never catch them.
The stock market goes up and down which makes the dividends fluctuate as well. The rental property income keeps going up, because the mortgages are always getting paid down every month. The stock market can move a lot faster than the housing market. In any case, I like having both of them working for us.
December’s Very Close to Passive Income: $3,137
Last month it was $3,159, so it’s down $22. It didn’t go down for the first 18 months of reports and now it’s gone down each of the last three months. However, it has grown from a combined $2,354 in January 2017. Since then, this has gone from an estimated annual income of $28,252 from these two sources to $37,645. It’s worth noting that, once again, these are fudged numbers that aren’t “real” yet. However, I’m looking forward to 9 years from now when the mortgages on the investment properties are paid off. Add in stock market growth (of a conservative 4%) and this number could reach $80K a year.
I have ignored some minor (but important) details. Details such as our investments being in retirement accounts.
Final Alternative Income
Adding up “dogs and blogs” to the “very close to passive income”, this month we on the investment stuff had $5,505.44 in monthly “alternative” income. That would be $66,065.28 a year. Last month it was $81,436.44, so the lack of dog sitting really hurt the projections. The short term fluctuations are just noise of how well “dogs and blogs” did in any particular month.
That largely hypothetical ~$66K a year on investments, writing on a blog, and taking care of dogs feels a little like a dream (probably because it is). In the long term, we can get by on less than half of that income. That doesn’t include any of my wife’s bread-winning pharmacist income, her potential military pension if she retires next year, or any of that freelance work I’ve been doing over the last several months.
This is the part of the article where I mention that I’m still hoping to write a book to boost my alternative income. I had always planned it to be an eBook, but if any readers out there know a publisher, I’d appreciate the hook-up. Seriously… it seems everyone in personal finance is getting a book deal except for me. I think I can make a compelling argument for a book that you’d see in a bookstore… that is if bookstores still exist by the time I’m done writing it.
Net Worth Update
Since I don’t share real numbers of our net worth, this isn’t very exciting. That’s why it’s just a footnote.
I truly believe that net worth is one of the most important numbers in personal finance so it is worth sharing in some way. Showing relative growth can be useful, I think? (Let me know in the comments.)
I use Personal Capital to track my net worth and it makes everything easy. It’s free and you should give it a try. For full disclosure, I might make a few dollars if you do.
In December, our net worth went DOWN 0.43%. Ouch! That’s 4 consecutive months of going backwards. Don’t the markets know that they always have to go up so I write nothing but positive, encouraging articles?
In 2018, our net worth was up 7.31%. It’s easy to feel negatively about that after seeing it going up an average of 17% for a large number of years. However, with stocks down for the year, it highlights the power of diversification in real estate and saving overall. I seen other bloggers report losses of the net worth over 2018.
I always have to remember that percentages can be weird… Imagine with someone with a net worth of $100 finds a $100 bill on the ground. Instantly it doubles his net worth. As our net worth grows larger, the percentage of growth will come down too. You’d rather have 10% growth of a million dollars than 20% growth of a hundred thousand, right?
How was your December? Let me know in the comments.